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Why Are Gas Prices So High?

“Ugh . . . why are gas prices so high?” you yell at the sky as you cough up $70 to fill ‘er up.

If you feel like you need to take out a mortgage to afford these outrageous gas prices, you’re not alone. We’re seeing the highest gas prices ever, and the pain at the pump is really starting to hurt our budgets. As of June 11, 2022, the average price for a gallon of gas had hit an all-time record high 32 times in 33 days—aka gas prices have been setting and shattering records basically every day.1 And to top it off, the average price of gas has officially passed $5 a gallon now.2 Gross.

So, what do those record-breaking numbers add up to in real life? Well, researchers estimate the average American family is going to spend an extra $2,000 this year on gas.3 Great. But don’t toss your car keys into the trash and start walking just yet. We’ve got some tips to help you feel less pain at the pump each time you fill up. But first, let’s dig into the big question on everyone’s mind: Why is gas so expensive these days?

Why Are Gas Prices So High?

If you guessed a cocktail of inflation, the Russia-Ukraine conflict, crude oil prices and not enough refineries, you win. But the answer to the age-old question, “Why are gas prices so high?” isn’t quite that simple. A lot of factors impact why gas prices are so high. Let’s dig into all the stuff coming into play here one by one.

Inflation

First up, let’s talk about the big, bad I-word. For months now, the crazy high inflation rate (currently sitting at 8.6% over the previous 12 months—the highest in nearly 41 years) played a huge role in driving up gas prices.4 In fact, we’ve seen a pretty steady uptick in gas prices since December 2020.5 And the Consumer Price Index shows that from May 2021 to May 2022, the price of gasoline skyrocketed about 49%!6

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So, when someone tells you expensive gas prices are only because of the Russia-Ukraine conflict, you can tell them, “Well, actually . . . that’s not the whole picture.”

And speaking of that . . .

Russia-Ukraine War

Let’s be clear here again: Gas prices were already going up before Russia invaded Ukraine. But the war between Russia and Ukraine definitely threw extra gasoline onto the fire.

On March 8, 2022, the average price for a regular gallon of gas climbed to an all-time high (back then) of $4.17, leaving the old record from 2008 in the dust.7 Gas prices jumped 11 cents overnight and more than 50 cents from the week before!8 That’s insane.

On that same day, President Biden signed an executive order to ban the import of Russian oil, natural gas and coal to the U.S.9 Why does that matter? Well, because Russia is one of the biggest oil exporters in the world. It didn’t take long after Biden’s big announcement for gas prices to go up again. The average gas price peaked at around $4.33 before starting to come back down.10 But fast-forward a couple months and gas prices started inching back up again, creating a long, crazy streak of record highs and topping out at $5.01 on June 14, 2022.11 And with summer travel in full swing, prices could keep rising . . .

Travel

Between commuters returning to the roads and summer travel around the corner, demand for gasoline is on the upswing. And even without all the other stuff going on in the world, gas prices are historically known for ticking up just in time for summer travel. Right now, average gas prices are sitting around $5—but projections say we could see it hit $6.20 (and up) later this summer.12 For some folks, that’s enough to toss their summer road-trip plans out the window. But for others, they’ll cough up the cash and accept it as the price they’ll have to pay for fun this summer.

Crude Oil Prices

Trying to figure out why gas prices are so high doesn’t just stop there. Prices at the pump are being impacted by the cost of crude oil going up too (thanks again, inflation and war). Like we said before, Russia is a big-time exporter of oil, and the war has made oil prices spike over here in the U.S. too. The cost for a barrel of crude oil is around $118.13

Oil Refineries

These insane gas prices we’ve seen lately have a lot to do with oil refineries. It’s one thing to have a low gas supply, but it’s another thing to have low capacity to refine the gasoline. That’s what we’re seeing now. In a normal year, refineries start producing more gasoline so they can have a surplus going into summer. Oh—but not this year. Gas inventories are at their lowest seasonal level since 2019.14

And there's one more thing you can add to the list here. Let’s not forget about the Colonial Pipeline being hacked in 2021—that really threw a wrench into the supply chain.

why are gas prices so high

What Has the Government Done to Lower Gas Prices?

Good question. There are a few tricks up the government’s sleeve, so let’s walk through what they’ve actually done and what they might do.  

Gas Stimulus Checks

Say what? Yep, you read that right. There’s chatter about gas stimulus checks becoming a possibility. Democrats have talked about something called the Gas Rebate Act of 2022—legislation that would give a $100 monthly rebate (and $100 for each dependent) to help Americans pay the higher gas prices.15 The idea is that payments would continue throughout 2022 during any month when the national average gas price is $4 or more.

Now, before you head to the pump ready to fill up on Uncle Sam’s dime, remember that nothing has been approved yet. But we know the government’s history of dishing out stimulus checks . . . so there’s that. Stay tuned, and we’ll let you know if this thing picks up any speed. 

Emergency Oil Reserve

Back in November 2021, President Biden told the Department of Energy to release 50 million barrels of oil from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (the U.S. emergency stash of underground gasoline), but it didn’t do much to help gas prices ease up.16 Fast-forward to the end of March 2022 and Biden announced he would release 1 million barrels per day for the next six months from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve.17 The hopes were that this would soften that crazy price surge, but it didn't really make a huge difference when it came to gas prices. So don't hold your breath that it will do much in the future either.

Look, it’s true you can’t control gas prices. But you can control how you adjust your budget to find more ways to save money on gas. It’s not a lost cause! And even though these gas prices are super annoying, there’s no reason to lose your hope here. Shocker, we know. You won’t find that headline running on the nightly news.

As much as we all want to run up to the sign at the gas station and roll back those killer prices, we can’t. But there’s still something you can do about it.

How to Save Money on Gas (Despite High Prices)

Do the insane gas prices stink? Yep, they sure do. But guess what? We’ve been here already, folks. Gas has cost an arm and a leg before, and we’ve all gotten through it. And we’ll do it again. But here’s the deal—you’re going to have to adjust some things in your budget to make this work. Don’t let that get you down! There are a lot of ways to save money on gas. Here are a few to get you started:

1. Join gas rewards and cash-back programs.

You can sign up for gas rewards programs at places you already shop, like Kroger and Costco (just make sure they’re free rewards you’re signing up for and not credit cards). And don’t forget to check out cash-back apps like GetUpside to score some extra cash in your pocket every time you fill up at the pump.

2. Use apps to track the cheapest gas prices.

Speaking of apps, you don’t have to waste gas driving around town looking for a good deal. There’s an app for that! Use an app like GasBuddy or Waze to find the cheapest gas prices in your area and skip driving around hunting down the cheapest gas prices.

3. Make one trip.

Have a bunch of errands to run this week? Knock them all out in one trip instead of making eight different trips to the store during the week. It’ll save your sanity and your gas tank.

4. Carpool.

Okay, carpooling gets a bad rap sometimes, but hear us out here. Carpooling to the office, to school or to the kids’ soccer game is a great way to build some human connection while saving money on gas too. You can’t beat that!

5. Adjust your budget.

Here’s the thing: With gas prices going sky high, you’ll have to move some things around in your budget to make it all work. Sure, it’s a bummer, but it’s not the end of the world. You’ve got this! All you have to do is cut back in a few other places in your budget to beef up your gas line item.

That might mean you skip a couple of the fancy coffees you like to treat yourself to on Friday or hold off on buying that new spring dress until next month—and that’s okay. Move things around until you feel like your budget’s in a good spot.

Our free budgeting app, EveryDollar, makes it easy to adjust your budget on the fly when things change (you know, like when gas prices go up). Take all the guesswork out of budgeting for your next tank of gas and get the peace of mind you need.

Ramsey Solutions

About the author

Ramsey Solutions

Ramsey Solutions has been committed to helping people regain control of their money, build wealth, grow their leadership skills, and enhance their lives through personal development since 1992. Millions of people have used our financial advice through 22 books (including 12 national bestsellers) published by Ramsey Press, as well as two syndicated radio shows and 10 podcasts, which have over 17 million weekly listeners. Learn More.

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