Foundations in Personal Finance: Middle School Edition for Homeschool - Chapter Summaries

Chapter 1: Saving & Budgeting

Introduces personal finance concepts; explores what it means to be smart with money; emphasizes three reasons to save money; compares simple interest and compound interest; explains the purpose of a budget; identifies the difference between debit and credit cards; explores how to talk about money and money goals; and highlights the importance and benefits of giving to serve others.

Chapter 2: Credit & Debit

Identifies terms associated with debt; evaluates the financial impact of debt on a household budget; examines the elements of a credit report and credit score; highlights the importance of avoiding debt; identifies ways to stay out of debt; explores the cost of a college education and the long-term cost of student loan debt; and explains ways to pay for college without going into debt.

Chapter 3: Education, Careers, & Entrepreneurship

Examines the importance of exploring career options that line up with personal skills and interests; introduces career options and highlights their varying, post-secondary education requirements; explains the impact education can have on income; examines various types of income and taxes; identifies elements of employer benefits; introduces the topic of entrepreneurship; and explores the risks and benefits associated with starting your own business.

Chapter 4: Income, Taxes, & Giving

Explains the difference between saving and investing; introduces investing as a way to build wealth; highlights the impact of compound interest and introduces the time-value of money; explores different types of investments; identifies different types of insurance; examines the impact of and problems associated with identity theft; and examines ways to protect yourself from identity theft.

Chapter 5: Global Economics

Explains the differences between various economic systems; examines the movement of goods and services; explores supply and demand; explains the chain of production and gross domestic product; highlights the differences between developed and developing countries; explores global economics and trade matters; and examines the impact of scarcity and rationing.

Chapter 6: Marketing & Consumerism

Introduces consumerism and spending habits; explores the impact of marketing, product placement, and peer pressure on consumer behavior; explains the concept of economic incentives; compares contentment and discontentment in regard to consumerism; explores various consumer protection agencies and laws; and identifies ways to be a wise consumer.